Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar Proceedings, The 1st International Conference on Science and Islamic Studies (ICOSIS-2023)

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Naqd al-sanad-naqd al-matan a study on academic papers of master's degree students of the Hadith Sciences Department at the Graduate Program of UIN Alauddin Makassar
Muhammad Yahya, Darsul S. Puyu, Muhammad Diyaul Haq

Last modified: 2023-11-02


This research aims to explore information related to students' proficiency in Naqd al-hadis through documented and published academic writings. The principles of naqd sanad encompass fundamental principles, namely: 1) 'Adalah (Justice), 2) Ittishal (Continuity), 3) Kedhabitan (Strong memorization and intelligence), 4) No zadz (Not awkward), and 5) No illat (Not problematic). Meanwhile, the fundamental principles related to the authenticity of hadith text include: 1) Not conflicting with the Quran, 2) Not conflicting with stronger hadith, 3) Not conflicting with common sense and the advancement of knowledge, 4) Not ambiguous (sadz), and 5) Not problematic (No illat). The subsidiary principle of the sanad revolves around the issue of the bid'a (innovation) of the narrator. Meanwhile, in the criticism of the Matan (content), apart from what has been mentioned in the previous fundamental principle, one must consider several factors, namely: a) The existence of the transmission of hadith through bil-makna (meaning-based transmission). b) Utilizing multiple approaches as references. c) Carefully examine the hadith's asbab a-wurud (context and circumstances of revelation). d) The presence of instructive content in the hadith related to matters with a "supra-rational" dimension.  A student's proficiency in the critique of hadith encompasses the following key aspects: 1) adept application of various methods of hadith takhrij, 2) capability to classify hadiths resulting from takhrij, 3) competence in i'tibar and the creation of sanad schemata, 4) ability to examine and describe the assessments made by experts in the critique of hadith regarding narrators; 5) capacity to articulate and summarize the criteria for the authenticity of a hadith's sanad, 6) proficiency in analyzing both the literal and contextual aspects of hadith narration, 7) ability to convey variations in the interpretation of hadith texts, and 8) skill in drawing conclusions concerning a hadith from both its chain of transmission and content. The ability of postgraduate (Master's level) students majoring in Hadith Studies to engage in the critical analysis of hadith (naqd al-hadis) is generally at an excellent level. Two significant factors contribute to students' proficiency in conducting such analysis: firstly, most of these students have an undergraduate background in Hadith Studies (undergraduate prom of Hadits Department)), and secondly, their foundational Arabic language skills are highly adequate.


Naqd; sanad; matan

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