Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar Proceedings, The 1st International Conference on Science and Islamic Studies (ICOSIS-2023)

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Al-Marad: Sheikh Tantawi's Jauhari perspective in the interpretation of al-Jawahir
Muh. Khumaidi Ali

Last modified: 2023-10-19


Illness, known as al-Marad in Arabic, is a phenomenon every human experiences. Illness is a subject that can be scientifically explained rather than something supernatural or abstract in the realm of science. Similarly, the Quran, while primarily a religious text, addresses various scientific phenomena to some extent, including the phenomenon of illness. The Quranic perspective on the issue of illness can be explored through the exegesis (tafsir) of Sheikh Tantawi Jauhari, who titled his work "al-Jawahir fi Tafsir al-Quran: al-Musytamil ‘ala 'Aja'ib Bada'i' al-Mukawwanat wa Ghara'ib al-Ayat." Sheikh Tantawi Jauhari follows in the footsteps of scholars like al-Razi, al-Ghazali, and Muhammad 'Abduh, advocating for a scientific approach to interpreting the Quran. Suppose illness is an occurrence related to the field of science, particularly medical science. In that case, this paper aims to bridge the perspectives of medicine and the Quran, focusing on discussing illness by exploring Sheikh Tantawi Jauhari's interpretations of the term "al-Marad," its derivations, and synonyms within the Quran. The research method employed in this study is descriptive-analytical. The initial steps involve collecting primary and secondary data, classification, description, and analysis. The results of this research indicate that, according to Sheikh Tantawi Jauhari, "al-Marad" is related to heart diseases, including hypocrisy, doubt, jealousy, and arrogance in accepting the teachings of Islam. Meanwhile, the derivations of the term "al-Marad," such as "married," "marda," and "maridtu," as well as its synonyms, namely "saqim," "dur," "nusb," and "alam," are associated with physical illnesses. One distinguishing feature between Sheikh Tantawi Jauhari's exegesis and other commentators lies in the comprehensive discussion of physical illnesses, which includes the causes, prevention, treatment, and a healthy lifestyle to avoid diseases.


al-Marad; perspective; Sheikh Tantawi Jauhari; Tafsir al-Jawahir

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